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England, an island in north-west of Europe, is the largest and most populous country of the United Kingdom. Its mainland territory occupies most of the southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain and its inhabitants are more than 83% of the total of the UK population, they lives mainly in the major cities and metropolitan areas. With 2.5 times less inhabitants than Japan, its density of population is slightly higher than the country of the rising sun.
Sometimes people incorrectly refer to England like to the whole United Kingdom, to the entire island of Great Britain. But this can cause offence to people from other parts of the UK because it’s a wrongly reference.
The country frontiers: Scotland to the north and Wales to the west, both shares land border with England and by other side with the North Sea, Irish Sea, Celtic England, Bristol Channel and English Channel. The capital of England is London, the largest urban area in Great Britain and the largest urban cone in the European Union. London is situated in the banks of River Thames in the southeast of England.
Its name was originally “Englaland” due to Engles or Angles, one of the largest Germanic tribes who settled in England in the 5th and 6th centuries who began to invade Britain from the Baltic coastlands. Engels is an old Teutonic word that means “angel”. Egbert, the King of the West Saxons, change the Britain name to England in 829.
England has a significant cultural and legal impact on the worldwide, the place of the English language origins, of the England Church such as the English law forms the basis of the legal systems of many countries around the world and the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution was here and also it has the first country in the world to become industrialized. Other nations have adopted many constitutional, governmental and legal innovations that had their origin in this country.
An epidemic of catastrophic proportions occurs during the medieval times of England around 1348, the Black Death first reached in summer England and it is estimated to have killed between a third and two-thirds of Europe’s population, which passed from seven million to two million in 1400. The plague repeatedly returned to haunt England and the Great Plague of London in 1665-1666 was the plague outbreak.
Once ago the official language of England was French for about 300 years from 1066 to 1362. The national anthem of United States was composed by John Stafford, and Englishman from Gloucester. Also the public schools in fact are very exclusive and expensive, so the ordinary schools are free and called state schools. The English class system is not determined by money, but by one’s background (family, education, manners, way of speaking…).
England boasts of many important monuments and buildings such as Lincoln Cathedral was the first building in the world to overtake the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt. Although its spire was destroyed in 1549, it kept the title of highest construction ever built in the world until 1884, when Washington monument was erected. The oldest chained library in Hereford Cathedral contains the world’s best preserved Map Mundi. The Windsor castle is the oldest and largest royal residence in the world still in use. The Rothschild art collection is one of the world’s most important, rivaling with that of the Louvre Museum and New York Metropolitan Museum. Also England boasts some of the world’s most famous landmarks, cherished icons past areas from Stonehenge and the white cliffs of Dover to St Paul’s Cathedral and the London Eye. Each region of England has its own distinct history, culture and traditions.
The North with the scenic splendor of lakes and mountains, castles, amazing coastlines and glorious National Parks, combined with the medieval city of York and lively Liverpool and Manchester. The bustling cities of Birmingham and Nottingham, as well as the blend heritage and culture in Shakespeare’s hometown of Stratford-upon-Avon by the midlands. The East with the picturesque seaside resorts, bustling market towns and the Historic University City of Cambridge are a beautiful corner. The South East boasts beautiful country gardens and stately homes, as well as the ancient university of Oxford, as well as home to excellent beaches and great seaside resorts like Brighton, historic market towns and the cathedral cities. The West offers great surfing off the craggy Cornwall coast. The South West is home to picturesque thatched cottage villages, cider, and delicious cream teas with its soaring cathedral nearby Stonehenge.
Now England is better known for its vibrant cities with amazing nightlife and entertainment, contrasted with green and pleasant countryside. So whether you get relaxing getaway, you’ll find the perfect destination in England.
Wonders in world map
Wonder Locations in England
Blenheim Palace, considered an exquisite Baroque Palace and recognized as World Heritage Site, is a large and monumental country house.
Buckingham Palace one of the few royal palaces remaining in the world is a symbol and home of the British monarchy, an art gallery and tourist attraction.
Canterbury Cathedral, one of the oldest Christian churches in England, is a superb architecture reflecting Canterbury historic and religious importance with a magnificent collection of medieval stained glass windows.
Eden Project, dubbed the “Eight wonder of the world”, is a dramatic global garden housed in tropical biomes nestles in a crater of 30 football pitches size.
Hadrian's Wall was built by order of the Emperor Hadrian, it marked the North border of the Roman Empire with 117 km long. Its purpose was defending the borders of the Caledonian's incursions.
Political centre of United Kingdom, the current Houses of Parliament was rebuilt between 1840 and 1888 on the ashes of previous one, which was fired in 1934.
London Eye or Millennium Wheel is an icon since it was opened on the South Bank in 2000. The giant observation wheel offers stunning views across the capital.
Seven Sisters, one of the best scenery along the south coast, are a series of gently undulating chalk Downs and constitute one of the most challenging stretches of the South Downs Way.
Stonehenge a Neolithic and Bronze Age megalithic monument in Wiltshire consider five theories: a place for the dead, a place of healing, an ancient observatory, a place of Moon worship and UFO landing site.
Windsor Castle is one of the official residences of the British Monarch in London. It is considered the largest inhabited castle in the world and it was redesigned to transform it into a major British tourist attraction.
York Minster is the greater Gothic Cathedral to the north of Europe, built on a cult place that combines Roman, Vikings and Medieval reminiscences.