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Peru is located in the western South America, spreads near both kilometres along Pacific Ocean. Surrounded by Colombia and Ecuador to the north, Brazil and Bolivia eastwards, Pacific Ocean on the west, and Chile on the south. Peru is divided by Andes Mountains in three sharply differentiated zones and is 19th bigger country in the world.
At one time Peru was the homeland of several prominent Andean civilizations, with the Incas certainly the most notable. Also it is the fifth most populous country in Latin America after Brazil, Mexico, Colombia and Argentina. Spanish conquistadors arrived in their quest for gold and other riches; they executed the proud but over-matched indigenous Indians and their leaders like ants captured their cities and in a brief period of time this innovative and powerful culture was scattered to the wind and all but destroyed. For almost three hundred years Peru functioned as a Spanish colony, but in the early 19th century native discontent and colonist revolts brought calls of independence, localized uprisings, and then, civil war in 1821, with the Spanish finally defeated in 1824.
Peru is a diverse country due to the climatic, natural and cultural variation of its regions, which include coast, sierra and jungle. Most Peruvians lives on the coastal areas of Peru, whereas the rest mainly live in the mountain areas. Less than 5% of the natives live in the jungle areas of Peru, 45% of the people of Peru are indigenous and 37% is mestizo. The national language is Spanish, but also Quechua is spoken. In the highlands, most Indians are bilingual, but speak Quechua as their mother tongue. There are about 70 other languages, and in remote parts of the Amazon, Spanish is rarely spoken. English is understood in major hotels and airline offices.
The cultural capital of Peru is seen by many as Cusco, where the foundation of traditional Incan heritage and culture is the most evident. In addition, many villages located in the highlands of the Andes Mountains also display the most preserved of heritage. Peru has an abundant supply of natural resources, enormous agricultural potential and some of the most stunning tourism venues on the planet. Today Peru ranks among the world's top producers of silver, copper, lead, and zinc. Its petroleum industry is one of the world's oldest, and its fisheries are among the worlds richest.
The culture of Peru is also diverse in the way of festivities. Peru celebrates about 3,000 festivities per year, most of which are related to the Christian religion that was brought over by the Spanish conquistadors. Music within Peru dates back literally thousands of years, preserved by the local community. Music plays a large part of the culture of Peru, where many locals build their own instruments. Typical Peruvian dishes are tasty and vary regionally. Seafood is, understandably, best on the coast, while the Inca delicacy roast guinea pig can be sampled in the highlands.
Peru is a magical and millenarian country, owns a diversity and wealth little common in the alternative infinite world and offers to the visitor the possibility of living a unique experience: History, culture, nature, adventure and much more in a single destiny.
Wonders in world map
The Paracas National Reserve and the nearby Ballestas Islands are a true haven for the sea life and the sea birds.
The fascinating Lines of Nazca are a series of giant geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert that represent a great variety of beings such as monkeys, spiders, llamas, lizards, hummingbirds, fish, etc.
It is the only mangroves sweeps area of Peru. The region of the mangroves is also an ecosystem full of wildlife.
Sacsayhuaman is one of the most impressive Inca temples in the Cusco City and definitely one of the most beautiful places of Peru.
The Amazon River is the largest river of the world. Besides, the Amazon River basin supports also the most important biodiversity ecosystem of the world.
The Manu National Park is an Amazonian tropical rainforest region with the title of Biosphere Reserve, which is considered the most bio-diverse region in the world.
The Lord of Sipan is the tomb of an important leader of the pre-Inca civilization Moche. It is the unique tomb of the Moche culture that has been found intact.
One of the new seven wonders, the most beautiful Inca city and the main archeological site of America.
Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable Lake of the world. This lake is also the second largest lake of South America.
It is the second deepest canyon of the world after the Cotahuasi canyon (which is also in Peru).The maximum depth of the canyon is 3180 meters (10433 feet).
Chavin de Huantar is the main archeological center of the Chavin Culture, it is one of the oldest urban settlements of the New World.
Chan Chan was the capital of the ancient Chimu Kingdom. It is also the largest city of mud brick built in the pre Colombian America.
The “Gran Pajaten” is an archeological complex in the northern Amazonian region of Peru in the basin of the Abiseo River in an area very inaccessible.
The Huayllay Stone Forest looks like an immense petrified oasis in middle of a large desolate plateau.
Kuelap is an impressive pre Colombian fortress situated 3000 meters above the sea level on the top of a mountain; therefore, Kuelap is sometimes called also the “Fortress in the Clouds”.
The “Baños del Inca” (Inca's Bath or Inca Baths) are a set of natural hot springs located to six kilometers of the city of Cajamarca. This is a unique place, because of the great variety of minerals contained in its waters
The ancient “Sacred City of Caral” is considered one of the oldest towns in the world. The discovery of Caral was one of the most important finds of the modern archeology.