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Brazil covers almost the half the continent and it is the fifth biggest country in the world, after Russia, Canada, China, and the USA. Brazil is bordered to the north, the west and on the south for all the South American countries except Chile and Ecuador; eastwards it is the Atlantic Ocean. Officially Brazil is known as the Republic Federativa do Brazil and it is also one of the most populous countries in Latin America.
Brazil consists approximately of 8, 514,876.599 square kilometres and its territory is between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean. The population of Brazil is concentrated in the most important cities of its coast as they are Rio de Janeiro and San Paulo. Towns such as Salvador and João Pessoa preserve the colonial atmosphere of the early Portuguese colonists.
Brazil has been a Colony, an Empire and a Republic and has been under the Military rule. It is today a democratic nation. Brasilia is the capital of Brazil. It is a presidential representative democratic republic according to the constitution of 1988. Brazil’s natural resources include bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydro power and timber.
About 54% are mainly of European origin, descendants of immigrants from Portugal, Italy, Spain, Germany and Eastern Europe. More than 45% are black or of mixed race, a legacy of the African slave trade. Less than 1% is from indigenous groups, mostly Indians in the Amazon region; smaller numbers of Japanese, other Asians, and Arabs live in the larger Brazilian cities.
Almost the half of the territory of Brazil is covered by the Rio Amazon and its coarse ecological region or tropical jungle bigger of the world. The principal characteristic of this region resides in that most of its population is clearly agricultural.
The richest regions in Brazil are the Southeast areas. These areas are also more populated than any in Brazil. This area has more inhabitants than any country in South America. It is home to one of the largest megapolis in the entire world. Sao Paolo is the business center of this area. Rio de Janeiro is famous for its beaches and the Espirito Santo coast.
Brazil's winter is from June to August, with temperatures between 13 and 18C, but it only gets really cold south of Rio. Summer is from December to February, a period frequently bringing stifling humidity to the far south. Brief rain showers are common, given Brazil's tropical climate, but the dry interior has only a few months of heavy rainfall a year. Of course, the Amazon Basin is the wettest area, with damp, moist temperatures averaging 27 C.
Wonders in world map
Wonder Locations in Brazil
Avenida Paulista is one of the most important avenues in Sao Paulo, home of a large number of business centers, cultural institutions and a wide shopping area, is compared with the Fifth Avenue of New York.
Cabo de Santo Agostinho is bordered by one of the industry ports, in the other hand; it has many beautiful tropical beaches and nature reserves.
Carnival is an annual festival in Brazil; it is a four days of pure dance and entertainment that attracts thousands of people from all corners of the world.
Casa das Rosas in Avenida Paulista, has one of the most beautiful gardens in the city, besides being a cultural and exhibition center.
The Chapada Diamantina is a mountainous region with beautiful mountains, streams, bubbling waterfalls and natural crystal pools.
Chapada dos Guimarães in addition to being the geodesic center of South America, is one of the best places for extreme sports and ecotourism.
Chapada dos Veadeiros is one of the oldest rock formations on the planet, where therapists and nature lovers seeking the energy and the power to cure.
Christ the Redeemer, the most important monument of the Catholic parishioners waits for the visitors of the whole world with the opened arms.
Encontro das Aguas is a natural phenomena most visited by tourists from the region and of the world to see this strange phenomenon.
Fernando de Noronha is a beautiful archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean, consisting of 21 islands of volcanic origin.
Guarda do Embaú is one of the most beautiful beaches and a paradise in terms of a wave for surfers.
The Harbour of Rio de Janeiro is a natural beauty surrounded by the city of Rio and formed by the Atlantic Ocean which wore out the soil and rocks along the coast.
Horto Florestal is a major recreational center in Sao Paulo, with different areas that respect the environment and the development of ecosystems exists there.
Iguazu Falls or Cataratas do Iguaçu is one of the biggest and more beautiful waterfalls in the world. Also it is wider than Victoria and higher than Niagara.
The Itaipu Dam is one of the largest operational hydroelectric power plant output of any dam in the world.
The beautiful Jardim Botânico is internationally known for its beauty, richness and diversity, which delights visitors, by its historical importance, cultural, scientific and landscape.
Palacio de Cristal is a high symmetry structure which can be appreciated from any angle or viewpoint.
Pelourinho is the name of a neighborhood of Salvador, the capital of the state of Bahia; it is a collection of colonial architecture recognized as Cultural Patrimony by UNESCO.